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Care, usage and maintenance of contact lenses.

  • To clean the lens, first place it in the palm of your left hand, put a drop of solution in the cupped lens and then rub it thoroughly with the right forefinger. Then rinse the lens with water if it is a hard or semisoft lens and with the solution if it is a soft lens. Most of the lenses used today are soft.
  • Clean the lens before you insert it in the eye and also after you remove it (before putting it away in the case).
  • The solution should be changed daily and the case should be completely filled up every-time. Do not top the solution.
  • Always store the lens in the solution.
  • Never sleep with the lens on.
  • Stop using lenses if the eyes are red, watering, sticky or injured.
  • Do not put eye drops in the eye with lenses on unless advised by your ophthalmologist.
  • Keep your nails trimmed.
  • Clean your lens case with a clean and separate toothbrush every week.
  • Use plain goggles and a helmet with a visor while driving a two-wheeler.
  • Use lenses for less than 8 hours a day and keep a gap of an hour midway.

How to insert lenses ?

  • Wash and rinse your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Then dry completely with a clean towel.
  • Start with your right eye.
  • Open the right case and remove the lens. Clean and rinse the lens. Dry the tip of your right forefinger and place the lens on it.
  • Hold the lens at eye level to see the shape. If it is shaped like a cup it is the correct side, if the edge is flared(like a saucer) out it is inside out and has to be turned.
  • Keeping the lens on your right forefinger, pull down the lower lid with the middle finger of your right hand. If needed, also use the forefinger and middle finger of the left hand to lift the upper eyelid.
  • Gently place the lens on the white of the eye. You don’t need to press it in.
  • Continue to hold the lids in position while looking down. Slowly release the lids and blink. The lens will center automatically.
  • If the lens is not centered, close your eyelids and gently move your eye right-left and up-down.
  • Close the right case and repeat the steps for your left eye.

How to remove lenses ?

  • Look up, slide the lens to the lower part of the eye using the forefinger(make sure you do not blink).
  • Gently pinch the lens between the thumb and the forefinger to remove the lens
  • Clean and rinse it before storing it away in the case.
  • Only one case should be open at a time to prevent mixing up of lenses.

Visit Your Eye Doctor Regularly

Everyone, even young children, should get their eyes examined regularly. It helps you protect your sight and make sure that you are seeing your best. Eye exams can also find some eye diseases, such as glaucoma, that have no symptoms. It's important to find these diseases in their early stages, when they're easier to treat. Depending on your eye health needs, you can see either an optometrist or an ophthalmologist for an eye exam. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in eye care. They can provide general eye care, treat eye diseases, and perform eye surgery. Optometrists have had four years of specialized training after college. They provide general eye care and treat the most common eye diseases. They do not perform eye surgery.

A comprehensive eye exam may include:

* Talking about your personal and family medical history

* Taking vision tests to see if you have nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism (a curved cornea that blurs vision), or presbyopia (age-related vision changes)

* Tests to see how well your eyes work together

* Eye pressure and optic nerve tests to determine if you have glaucoma

* External and microscopic examination of your eyes before and after dilation

* You may also need other tests, depending upon your particular case.

Look Away From the Computer for Good Eye Health

Staring at a computer screen can cause:

* Eyestrain

* Blurry vision

* Difficulty focusing at a distance

* Dry eyes

* Headaches

* Neck, back, and shoulder pain Protect your eye health by taking the following steps:

* Make sure your glasses or contact lens prescription is up-to-date and adequate for computer use.

* Some people may need glasses to help with contrast, glare, and eye strain when using a computer.

* Position your computer so that your eyes are level with the top of the monitor. This allows you to look slightly down at the screen.

* Try to avoid glare on your computer from windows and lights. Use an anti-glare screen if needed.

* Choose a comfortable, supportive chair. Position it so that your feet are flat on the floor. 

* If your eyes are dry, blink more. 

* Every 20 minutes, rest your eyes by looking 20 feet away for 20 seconds. At least every two hours, get up and take a 15-minute break.

Use Safety Eyewear at Home, at Work, and While Playing Sports

If you work with hazardous or airborne materials at work or home, wear safety glasses or protective goggles every time. Certain sports such as ice hockey, racquetball, and lacrosse can also lead to eye injury. Wear eye protection (such as helmets with protective face masks or sports goggles with polycarbonate lenses) to shield your eyes.

Wear Sunglasses for Good Vision

The right kind of sunglasses will help protect your eyes from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much UV exposure makes you more likely to get cataracts and macular degeneration. Choose sunglasses that block 99% to 100% of both UVA and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses help protect your eyes from the side. Polarized lenses reduce glare when driving. If you wear contact lenses, some offer UV protection. It's still a good idea to wear sunglasses for more protection.

Quit Smoking for Better Eyesight

Smoking makes you more likely to get cataracts, optic nerve damage, and macular degeneration. If you've tried to quit smoking before and started smoking again, keep trying. Studies show that the more times you try to quit smoking, the more likely you are to succeed.

Eat for Good Vision

Protecting your eyes starts with the food on your plate. Studies have shown that nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E may help ward off age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts. Regularly eating these foods can help lead to good eye health:

* Green, leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, and collards

* Salmon, tuna, and other oily fish

* Eggs, nuts, beans, and other non-meat protein sources

Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices Eating a well-balanced diet also helps you maintain a healthy weight, which makes you less likely to get obesity-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults.